Food stamp eligibility requirements.

Monthly benefits can be provided to low income families and individuals from the food stamp program. While the U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA) sets general eligibility requirements and pays for the program, it is administered at the state and county level. The primary goal of SNAP food stamps is to help those in need pay for their groceries and nutritional food. It is a supplemental service and participants should not rely on it to pay for their total expense. Find more details on how to apply and to learn if eligible below.

Individuals who are interested in learning more, or applying for assistance, should contact their local or state human or social services offices. Anyone may apply for food stamp benefits. The program helps millions on households across the nation that have limited resources and income. A listing of offices by state is below as well information on other benefits to apply to. Each state’s Department of Human Services will have rules in place that determines eligibility for food stamps.

SNAP/food stamp benefits are currently used by over 40 million Americans. The program was never intended to meet all of the food needs of an individual or household. It was only meant to supplement their nutritional needs and help people pay for a portion of their monthly food and grocery bills. While eligibility requirements will vary by state and USDA guidelines, in general; people do not need to be destitute to qualify for SNAP benefits, and if you are struggling or facing a difficult period in your life you should look into this government assistance program.




SNAP food stamp eligibility requirements

While some of the guidelines are set at the federal government level, others may be established by each individual state or county. So you will need to get the specifics on your state using the information below. However, in general, the guidelines include one or more of those listed below. Individuals who apply for food assistance will need to pass all eligibility rules to get public food assistance benefits.

Work rules – Most states have these in place for healthy adults. In general, individuals who are 18 to 50 years of age must also agree to participate in some form of job training, or they need to be currently working, at least part time. Applicants who do not have dependent children or who are not pregnant can only get food stamp benefits for a limited period of time, which may be 3 months in a 3-year period. These limits are in place for those individuals who are not working or participating in a work or workfare program.





Proof of identity – Applicants for any type of government assistance, including food stamps, will need to show they are the person they claim to be. So you need to prove your identity. There will also be identification needed for each member of the home.

Income Limits – While these of course may vary by state and personal situation, generally households applying for SNAP food stamps must pass a gross income limit at 200% of the Federal Poverty Level (FPL). Additional eligibility rules are in place for households with a member who was disqualified for breaking food assistance program rules in the past, running away from a felony warrant, has felony drug trafficking, or not participating in a work program, and these applicants must meet a lower gross income test which may be something like 130% of the FPL.

SNAP food stamps may also support the elderly in the country. Additional income limits may be in place for seniors, including households with people who are seniors, age 60 or older or disabled. These individuals must only meet the net monthly income limit.

Benefit adjustments – The amount of the monthly food stamp benefits provided will vary. For example, some household expenses may be subtracted from the applicant’s total monthly income in the food assistance budget. The monthly budget that is taken into consideration may subtract for expenses such as rent, shelter, dependent care, medical, earnings, child support paid, and other standard deductions.

What is a household – This can be a fairly broad definition. A household may be considered as a family, or one person living alone. Or this may also be several, unrelated individuals living together who routinely both prepare and/or purchase meals and groceries together.

If you apply for assistance, and your household passes the food assistance program's eligibility rules, then the exact amount of benefits provided to you will then depend on the number of people in your home. The more residents, the more help that will be provided. The state will also look at factors including your total household income and monthly expenses.




Types of food and groceries that you can buy with food assistance benefits

Once again, this may vary by state. However generally speaking, eligible households can use food stamp benefits to buy groceries and items including meats, breads, cereals, fish, fruits, vegetables, poultry, dairy, and other foodstuffs. Families can’t use food assistance benefits to buy nonfood or grocery items such as grooming items, pet foods, soaps, paper products, household supplies, hot prepared foods, alcoholic beverages, tobacco, vitamins, medicines, or food to eat in the store.

How to buy food

Families who are approved for SNAP/Food Stamps will not be issued cash, and they are not really stamps. Recipients of government assistance will be issued a card that looks like an ATM card and works in a similar fashion. It is called an electronic benefits card, or EBT card for short. Once your application is approved by your human or social services office, then the monthly amount of the SNAP/Food Stamps benefit will be on the card. Individuals will then be able to use these EBT cards at your local supermarket, grocery store and some smaller food stores. The card can even be used at some farmers markets in your local community.

State food stamp offices

More information on the application process as well as benefit amounts and income restrictions can be obtained at a local human service office. They provide information on SNAP food stamps as well as other government programs that can help feed a low to moderate income family. They are state specific.



























New Hampshire

New Jersey

New Mexico

New York

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Rhode Island

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By Jon McNamara

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