Get information on public assistance programs.

Most states and local government offer public assistance programs to the needy, low income, and working poor. The goal is always to address the immediate crisis and to help low-income families access the financial help they need, such as a grant from a local Department of Human or Children Services.

The next step is to assist them with becoming self-sufficient over the mid to long term. Depending on the state you live in, and the exact federal government benefit programs available, public aid can usually be provided in the form of cash, vouchers, or electronic debit cards that can be used to buy essential items.

Most states will also require that beneficiaries in any public or government assistance programs be actively seeking employment. This can mean they need to be undergoing job training, attending classes and be aggressively looking for work. They will also need to find a job within a defined period of time in order to receive money from the government.

The emergency cash assistance from a local social service office may only be provided to them while that process is underway. After all, the objective of any type of public benefit is to ensure people become or regain financial stability.

Each federal or state program will have qualification in place that need to be met by applicants. This will usually involve both income and total household asset limits. While public assistance is usually administered at the state level, people will normally need to apply for help at their local human services or Department of Social services office. A local community action agency will also be a great resource. Contact information for each state and benefit is below.

Food benefits

SNAP, or Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program:
The federal government resource is also commonly called food stamps and it may be the nation’s most widely used public program. It provides needy families with the ability to buy groceries and food at authorized retailers, and beneficiaries will be provided an electronic EBT card to make these purchases. More on SNAP food stamps.





Commodity Supplemental Food Program:
The United States Department of Agriculture offers food items to seniors over 60 years of age, infants, children under six years of age, as well as mothers up to one year postpartum. Click here.

Emergency Food Assistance Program:
Low-income individuals can receive free food from TEFAP, another USDA resource. It can include canned goods, a bag of groceries, or hot, healthy meals. Continue.

Women, Infants and Children (WIC):
This USDA program can provide supplemental food to pregnant or breastfeeding women or free formula to infants or children under 5 years of age. The government will provide vouchers or checks as part of Women, Infants and Children, and these can be used to buy baby formula, nutritious food, and other items to women and children.

Energy assistance

Low Income Home Energy Assistance Program:
Most states offer this federal government program for low income families, including families with young children, the elderly and disabled. Grants can help pay heating bills, cooling expenses, and a crisis component can prevent a disconnection. More information.

If you have excessively high utility bills, the program will help people save money on their heating bills. The enhancements to a residence can also address some minor health and safety needs of a home. The weatherization program will assist families with permanently reducing their energy bills.




Discounted or free telephone programs:
States as well as the federal government offer resources to help pay the increasing costs of phone bills, with a focus on cellular units. There are two main services available. The benefits from them vary, but the options are as follows.

There are programs for people already on public aid. Families that are currently receiving benefits, such as food stamps or LIHEAP for their energy bills, will often automatically qualify for a free government phone.

States also offer discounts on monthly service charges or deposits to establish service. These public assistance programs vary by state but will help households save money. Read more assistance for phone bills.

Public health care and medical assistance

Health care and benefits are offered to low-income families who either have inadequate medical insurance or completely lack coverage. While the federal government sets some guidelines and regulations on this public benefit, your state administers Medicaid and determines eligibility conditions. Find a listing of free health and dental care programs.

This is the primary federal government health insurance program. The main recipients are people over 65 years of age as well as individuals under age 65 with certain disabilities. Most seniors sign up for the Medicare public insurance program as soon as they meet age limits. Call 1-800-633-4227.

A discount drug card is available as part of Medicare. If you use the card when you buy your medications, patients can receive up to a 20% savings on their medications, whether they are generic or brand name. The card may have a minimal annual fee of up to $30 per year; however qualified low income families can have that fee waived.

Prescription drug coverage:
Certain Medicare beneficiaries can also sign up for this program. It is an insurance program that helps lower the costs of prescription medications. Consumers have the ability to select their plan based on the monthly premium and benefits offered.

Some of the assistance is offered as part of a Private Fee-for-Service Plan, which means it is run by an insurance company. Clients will still need to pay a portion of their prescription drug costs. Read more free prescriptions.





State Children's Health Insurance Program:
Most states offer this public health care coverage to children whose parents lack adequate medical insurance. It is offered for families whose income is too high for Medicaid, but who still can’t afford to pay their medical bills or for private health insurance. Learn more on CHIP health insurance.

Cash assistance and vouchers

Child and day care:
The federal government provides block grants to each and every state in an effort to subsidize child care expenses. The public aid is for low income, working parents or those in school or job training who meet the qualifications of the program. Most states do have a waiting list for day care vouchers. There are also a number of conditions that need to be met by parents who are applying. More government assistance for child care.

Disability assistance:
Individuals with a short or long term disability can receive financial aid from several government and public assistance programs. Some form of compensation and grants may be provided from SSDI, vouchers are available for paying rent, and a number of other basic needs can be met, such as proving the applicant low cost medications. Applications will be processed by a local social security office. Learn more.

Temporary Assistance for Needy Families (TANF):
This public assistance program is run at the state level, and it can provide cash assistance to needy families. Funds can be used to pay for basic living expenses such as food, rent, utilities, and medications. It also requires parents undertake job preparation, work, and marriage. Local Department of Human Services (DHS) offices process applications for this government benefit. Click here.

Social Security Disability Insurance Benefits:
Cash assistance is paid out to people who are unable to work because of a disability that has lasted for at least 12 months. In order to apply, the person needs to have earned enough credits from the social security program.

Supplemental Security Income (SSI):
One of the primary government financial assistance programs. It provides a monthly cash stipend to the blind or disabled, individuals who are at least age 65, and who meet income and asset conditions.

Appeals for Denials:
Families that are denied access to public assistance can get help in appealing the decision. Lawyers or advocates can assist low income families as they try to receive the cash aid, food stamps, housing, or other benefits that they are entitled too. Find help with public assistance denials.

Public housing and rent assistance

Section 8 housing choice voucher:
Rental assistance and government subsidized housing is available to very low-income families. It is administered at the county level by Public Housing Agencies (PHAs). The program allows many people the ability to afford safe, decent, and sanitary housing. Read more.





Housing counseling:
Free or low cost advice and consultations are paid for by the federal government HUD organization. Renters and homeowners can get support with foreclosure prevention, buying a home, renting, defaults, credit counseling issues and reverse mortgages.

Government job programs

Employment services and job training:
Organized by both federal and state governments. Programs can help individuals who are developing work skills or trying to find a job. Some resources can help people find a job, offer individual skills assessments, provide referral and placement assistance, and also reemployment services to unemployment insurance claimants. Dial 1-877-US2-JOBS.

Adult education and career services:
Individuals who are over 18 years of age can counseling, education services (such as GED), help in developing an individual employment plan, and training. Other government programs provide transportation services and public assistance programs can also help pay for childcare. Call 877-872-5627.

Senior Community Service Employment Program:
Low income people who are at least 55 years of age can qualify for SCSEP. Participants can receive a part time job, the income that comes with that, training, and possibly even other government benefits. More on the senior employment program.

One-Stop Career Centers and the Workforce Investment Act (WIA):
Supports job seekers, businesses, and even people who are currently employed. The centers can help clients obtain employment and apply for free job training workshops and assist businesses with finding qualified employees. Access career counseling, job search and job placement assistance services, grants to pay for learning materials, education, and other employment resources. More.

Other public services and benefits

Programs for children and students:
The Early Head Start program (which is for infants and pregnant women) as well as Head Start (for children up to age 5) can help children prepare for school and provides other social services. Receive other public assistance such as comprehensive educational, nutritional, food, and health care. Child care can also be provided too. Get more information on Head Start programs.

Free income tax filing:
Those who can’t afford to file their returns can use the Volunteer Income Tax Assistance (VITA) program. It offers free advice and income tax help to low income individuals and senior citizens who cannot afford to pay for professional assistance. You can also E-file your state and federal income taxes for free in many states. Learn more.

Government and public assistance by state



























New Hampshire

New Jersey

New Mexico

New York

North Carolina

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Rhode Island

South Carolina

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